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汽车驾驶模拟器在交通安全中的应用综述

更新时间:2020-11-03  浏览次数:

摘 要:汽车驾驶模拟器在研究交通的一个重要的工具模型,它有着重现性强、更加安全、研究成本低等特点,在交通研究方面有着极其重要的作用,最近几年也开始用于采集在危险中车辆的相关技术数据,在交通安全方面的研究进展迅速。本文�要介绍了汽车驾驶模拟器在交通安全领域中的几种应用,并针对这几种应用讨论了驾驶模拟器实验的利弊取舍,希望能为同行提供一些相关理论上的参考。

 

关键词:汽车驾驶模拟器;交通安全;应用

引言

ZAIGUOWAIQICHEJIASHIMONIQIYANJIUDEHENZAO,KAISHISHICHUYUBANGZHUCHUXUEZHELIANXIQICHEJIASHIDEMUDEFAMING,HUOYONGZUODUIXINJIASHIYUANJINXINGJIASHIJIAOXUE。YOUXIEGUOJIAZHENGFUGUIDINGLESUOYOUDEJIAXIAODOUXUYAOJIAZHUANGZHEIYANGDEYIGEQICHEJIASHIMONIQI,BIRUSHANGGESHIJI70NIANDAIDERIBEN。MEIGUOZAITONGYISHIQIYEZAIJIAXIAOPUJILEZHEIZHONGMONIQICAI,ERHOUOUZHOUGUOJIAFENFENXIAOFANG,BINGDADUOBANBULEYIXIEYOUGUANSHIYONGQICHEJIASHIMONIQIPEIXUNJIASHIYUANDEFAGUI。

CONGSHANGGESHIJI80NIANDAIYILAI,QICHEJIASHIMONIQIKAISHISHOUDAOLEGUANGDAQICHEZHIZAOCHANGDEGUANZHU,MEIGUO、RIBEN、DEGUODENGQICHEDAGUODEQICHEZHIZAOCHANGFENFENYANZHILEKAIFAXINGQICHEMONIQI。TAHEYONGZUOPEIXUNDEMONIQIYOUSUOBUTONG,WANQUANMONILECHELIANGXINGJINSHIDEHUANJING,RANGJIACHEZHETONGGUOXUNIXIANSHIDEFANGZHENSHEBEIHUODEZHENSHIDEJIACHETIGAN。FANGZHENSHEBEIZHUYAOBAOKUOCHELIANGSHISHIKONGZHIXITONG、SHIJINGXITONG、SHENGYINFANGZHENXITONG、YUNXINGJIANKONGXITONG、CHELIANGXINXICAIJIGUANLIXITONGYIJISHUJUCHUANDAOXITONGDENGJIEGOUGOUCHENG。ZI20SHIJIMOQUYUCHENGSHUZHIHOU,HUODELEGENGWEIGUANGFANDEYINGYONG。ZAIZUIJINJINIAN,JISUANJIJISHUHEFANGZHENJISHUFAZHANXUNSUDEQIJIXIA,QICHEJIASHIMONIQIDEJINGDUYEBIANDEYUELAIYUEGAO,JIJIASHIYUANYIGENGDUODECHENJINGANHEGENGJIAZHENSHIDEJIACHETIYAN。TADESHIYONGFANWEIYEZHUBUKUODADAOQICHEGONGCHENG、RENJIJIAOHUSHEJI、JIAOTONGANQUANDENGZHUDUOYUQICHEXIANGGUANDELINGYU,XIAMIANJIANGZHUYAOTANTAOKAIFAXINGQICHEJIASHIMONIQIZAIJIAOTONGANQUANZHONGDEYINGYONG。

一、驾驶分心

SUOWEIJIASHIFENXIN,ZHIDESHIJIASHIYUANZAIJIASHIGUOCHENGZHONGJIANGZHUYILIZHUANYIDAOFEIJIASHIRENWUZHONGDEXINGWEI。YIFANGMIANYOUYUJIASHIFENXINKENENGHUIYINQIYANZHONGDEJIAOTONGSHIGU,WEIJISHIYANZHEDEANQUAN,SUOYISHIDISHIYANWEIXIANXINGHENDA,LINGYIFANGMIANSHIDISHIYANSHUJUBINGMEIYOUJIASHIMONIQIGENGHAOCAIJI,SUOYIYOUBUSHAODEXUEZHESHIYONGJIASHIMONIQIYANJIUFENXINDUIJIASHICAOZUODEYINGXIANG,ERTAMENDEYANJIUYOUDADUOJIZHONGZAISHOUJIDUIJIASHIZHEDEYINGXIANGFANGMIAN。QICHESHANGSHIYONGDESHOUJIKEYIFENWEISHOUCHIXINGHEMIANTIXING,RedelmeierHETibshirani、Sag-bergHEMcEvoyJIURENWEI,LIANGZHONGLEIXINGDESHOUJIDUIJIASHIZHEDEFENXINCHENGDUSHIJIBENYIZHIDE,MIANTIXINGBINGMEIYOUMINGXIANDEANQUANYOUSHI,JIASHISHIGUGAILVYEBUKENENGTONGGUOPEIZHIMIANTISHISHOUJIDEFANGSHIJIANGDI。BUGUOSHANGSHUYANJIUDOUSHIJIYUYIJINGFASHENGGUODEJIAOTONGSHIGUDEXIANGGUANSHUJUFENXIDEZHIDE,TONGGUOJIASHIMONIQIDEYANJIUHESHUJUCAIJIZHENGHAOMIBULEZHEIYIFANGMIANZUOZHENGBUZUDEJIELUNQUEDIAN,YANJIUZHETONGGUODUISHIYONGSHOUJISHIDEJIASHISUDU、CHEDAOPIANYIDENGFANGMIANJINXINGYANJIU,BIRUTrnrosDENGYANJIUZHEYAOQIUSHIYANRENYUANSHIYONGLIANGZHONGLEIXINGDEDIANHUAZAIMONIJIASHIYUCHENGSHIDAOLUSHIJIETINGSHIGEDIANHUAYIJIBOCHUSANGEDIANHUA,BINGCAIJIXIANGGUANSHUJU,DECHULELIANGZHONGDIANHUAJUNHUIDAOZHIJIAJIASHIYUANXINGCHEZONGXIANGWEIZHIBIANDONG,DANSHIYONGMIANTISHISHOUJIDESHIDEZONGXIANGBIANDONGSHAOXIAO,ERSHOUCHISHISHOUJIHUIRANGJIASHIYUANZAIQIANYISHIXIAJIANSU。

二、道路设计

JIASHIMONIQIZAIDUIDAOLUDEHAIYUANSHANGBIJIAOZHENSHI,ERQIEKEYIZHICHIZHONGFUSHIYAN,CHENGBENYEBIJIAOXIAO,GENGGOUGENGHAODELEJIEJIASHIZHEDUIGEZHONGBUTONGLUKUANGDESHIYINGCHENGDUHEJIESHOU、FANYINGNENGLI,KETONGGUOZHEIYANGDEFANGSHIDUIDAOLUDEANQUANXINGJINXINGKEXUEDEPINGPAN,ZAITOURUSHIGONGZHIQIANJIUKEYIDEZHIDAOLUJIANHAOHOUKENENGDAOZHIDEWEIXIANQINGKUANG,BANGZHUGONGCHENGSHIFANGHUANYUWEIRAN,ZAISHIGONGJIEDUANSHIYIGEBIJIAOFANGBIANDECANKAO,LINGWAI,JIASHIMONIQIDUIDAOLUGUIHUASHEJIJIEGUOYENENGQIDAOBIJIAOZHENSHIDEJIANCEZUOYONG,BIANYUGONGCHENGSHITONGGUODUIZHEIXIESHUJUDEFENXILAIDEDUIYIXIESHUJUJINXINGDIAOZHENG,ZAIFANFUDECESHIZHONGDECHUBIJIAOKEXINGDESHEJIFANGAN。LINGWAI,RUGUOJIANGJIASHIMONIQIDECESHIJIEGUOHESHIDICESHIJIEGUOXIANGDUIBI,BINGANZHAOSHIDICESHIJIEGUODUIMONIQIJINXINGXIUZHENG,YEKEYIRANGMONIQIDEMONIFANGZHENCHENGDUYOUSUOTISHENG。BIRUBellaDENGZAIJIASHIMONIQIANXIANSHIZHONGZHONGGOULEYITIAOZHENSHIDELIANGCHEDAOXIANGCUNGONGLUXINGSHIHUANJING。DUIJIASHIYUANZAIXIANSHIDAOLUHEJIASHIMONIQIZHONGDEXINGSHISUDUJINXINGLEDUIBIYANJIU;DavidseDENGTONGGUOJIASHIMONIQIYANJIULEBUTONGYANGSHIDEJIAOCHALUKOUDUINIANZHANGDEJIASHIYUANDECAOZUOFUDANCHENGDUYIJIDUIQIJIASHIXINGWEIDEYINGXIANG;BittnerDENGDUIJIASHIYUANZAIXIANSHIDAOLUSHANGHEMONIQIQINGKUANGXIADERUWANSUDUJINXINGLEYANJIU,TICHULETONGGUOJIASHIMONIQILAIFUZHUGONGCHENGSHIDUIWANDAOJINXINGSHEJI;F.BellaDENGTONGGUOJIASHIMONIQIDUIXINGSHISUDUSHOUDAODAOLUHENGJIEMIANKUANDUDEYINGXIANGCHENGDU;HorstDENGSHIYONGJIASHIMONIQIDECHULEDAOLUJICHUSHESHIDUIJIASHIYUANXINGSHISUDUHECHELIANGHENGXIANGWEIZHIDEYINGXIANG。

三、交通设计

ZAIJIAOTONGSHEJIZHONG,JIAOTONGBIAOZHIDESHEJISHIBIJIAOZHONGYAODEHUANJIE。TABAIFANGDEWEIZHI、BIAOZHIXINXIDEKEXUEDENGDOUYUJIAOTONGSHEJIYOUZHEBIJIAOJINMIDELIANXI。DUIJIASHIYUANDEZHUGUANYINGXIANGYEBIJIAODA。ZAIYINGYONGJIASHIMONIQIJINXINGDEYANJIUDANGZHONG,DUIYUJIAOTONGBIAOZHIDEYANJIUBIJIAODUOYEBIJIAOSHENRU,BINGZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIJILUJIASHIYUANZAIZAIGUANCHAJIAOTONGBIAOZHISHISUOZUODEJIASHIXINGWEIHEFANFANYINGQINGKUANG,BINGTONGGUOLIANGHUAFENXILAIDUICHELIANGZAIXINGSHIGUOCHENGZHONGJIASHIYUANDUIJIAOTONGBIAOZHIDEGANSHOUJINXINGYANJIU。JIJIAOTONGBIAOZHIDESHEJIHEFANGZHITIGONGLEDALIANGYOUCANKAOJIAZHIDESHUJU。BIRU:KnodlerYINGYONGJIASHIMONIQIDUIJIASHIYUANDUIBUTONGXINHAODENGDELIANGQICIXUDERENZHICHENGDUJINXINGLETANTAO,YanZAISHIYONGJIASHIMONIQIDECHULEKEBIANXINXIBAOFANGZAISHANGYOU180mZUOYOUJIAOWEIHESHI,ERQIEXIANTUXIANGDEXIAOGUOYAOHAOGUOJINXIANSHIWENZI;LidstromZAIJIASHIMONIQIZHONGFANFUCESHI,ZHAOCHULESIDEGEERMODITIEWANGLUOZHONGLUBIAOFANGZHIDIANCUNZAIDEWENTIBINGJICHULEXIANGXIXIUZHENGFANGAN。GUONEIXUEZHEYEZAIZHEIYILINGYUJINXINGLEYANJIUBINGQUDEYIDINGCHENGGUO,BIRU:MAYANTONGGUOXUNIJIASHIQIFUZHILEXIANSHIZHONGDEJIAOTONGBIAOZHISHEZHI,TONGGUOJIAOTONGBIAOSHISHIRENXINGPINGCERUANJIANDUIJIASHISHUJUJINXINGCHULI,GOUJIANCHUXINXINGJIAOTONGBIAOSHISHIRENXINGPINGJIAXITONG。

四、交通事故研究

SHIMONIQIYOUZHECHENGBENJIAOXIAO,ANQUANXINGJIAOGAODETEXING,NENGGOUZHONGXIANZHUDUOTIEJINSHIJIJIASHIDEWEIXIANCHUJING,BIRUZUIJIA、XINGRENTURANTONGGUODENGJINJIJIAOTONGSHIGU,ERQIEKEYIGENGJIAXIANGSHIDIJILUXIASHOUSHIZHEZAIYIXIEQINGJINGXIADECAOZUOGUOCHENG、FANYINGSUDUYIJICHELIANGJISHUSHUJU,YOUCILAIYANJIUJIAOTONGSHIGUCHUXIANQIANHOUDEJIASHIDONGZUODEBIANGENGHEYINFAJIAOTONGSHIGUDEYOUYINDENGDENG。BIRU,Siob -han BanksDENGYANJIULEZAISHUIMIANSHIJIANBUZUDEQINGKUANGZHIXIA,NVSHOUSHIZHEBINANSHOUSHIZHEDUIYUSHIGUDEYUPANGENGWEIJINGZHUN,BUGUOWULUNSHINANSHINV,JIASHIYUANZAISHUIMIANBUZUBINGYINYONGSHAOLIANGJIULEIDEZHUANGTAIXIA,DOUBUWUFAYUPANJIAOTONGSHIGUKENENGFASHENGDEWEIXIAN。BroenDENGJILUBINGFENXILEJIASHIYUANDUIYUTURANCHUXIANDEZHANGAIZAICHACHECHULISHANGDEFANYINGSUDU。TONGGUOSHANGBAIMINGMINGSHOUSHIZHEJINXINGJIASHIMONIQISHIYAN,MEIRENYAOZAI21ZHONGBUTONGZHUANGKUANGXIAWANCHENGCHACHE,BINGQIESUOYOUDECHACHEDONGZUOSHIYONGDETABANCANSHUJUNYOUSUOBUTONG,MEICISHIYANSHICHULITUFAXINGDEZHANGAIDOUZHIYOUYICI,ZAISHUJUTONGJIZHIHOU,TABANCANSHUHEXIANGYINGSHIJIANBINGWUZHIJIEGUANXI,ERSUIZHEJIASHIYUANNIANLINGBIANDA,XIANGYINGSHIJIANYEHUIZHUZENGDUO,QICHEDEQUDONGZHUANGTAI、JIASHIZHEXINGBIE、SHENGAOYUXIEDECHICUNTONGXIANGYINGSHIJIANBINGWUMINGQUEDEBILIGUANXI。GuzekDENGYANJIULEYEBANGONGZUOZHEZAIXIABANYIHOUSHIYONGQICHEHUIJIASHIDEJIASHIQINGKUANG,DECHULEZAIZHEIYIQIANTIXIAGENGRONGYICHANSHENGSHIGUWEIXIAN;XuedongDENGTONGGUOJIASHIMONIQIZHONGXIANLE8GEXINHAOJIAOCHAKOUDEQINGJING,BAJIASHIYUANDEJIASHISUDUHEJIAOTONGSHIGUQINGKUANGHEXIANSHISHUJUZUOCHUBIDUI,DECHULEJIASHIMONIQINENGGOUDUIXINHAOJIAOCHAKOUDEANQUANXINGJINXINGKEXUEPINGCEDEJIELUN。

结束语

SHIYONGJIASHIMONIQISHIJIAOTONGANQUANDEYIZHONGKEXINGDETUJING,ZAIYIHOUGUANYUJIAOTONGANQUANDEYANJIULI,JIASHIMONIQIYEHUIZAIGENGDUODEYANJIULINGYUWEIYANJIUZHETIGONGDUIYANJIUYOUBANGZHUDETIAOJIAN。BUGUOYEYOUZHEOUXIEWENTIHAIJIDAIJIEJUE:DIYI,JIASHIMONIQIDEYOUXIAOXINGQUEREN。TASHIZHIZHENGMINGJIASHIMONIQIKEFOUZHENZHENGDUIXIANSHIJIASHIQINGKUANGJINXINGMONI。SUIZHEYANJIUDESHENRU,HENDUOFUZAHUANJINGXIADEMONISHIYANZHONGCAIJIDAODEMONISHUJUDOUHEXIANSHIQINGKUANGYOUJIAODACHABIE,DUIYANJIUDEJINZHANYINGXIANGHENDA,JIDAIKAIFACHUGONGNENGGENGQIANGDADEJIASHIMONIQI;DIER,JIASHIMONIYOUYUQIBENSHENCANSHUDEZHIYUE,NANYIDUIMOUXIEGAOMIDUJIAOTONGCHANGJINGJINXINGYOUXIAOMONI,NANYIDUIYANJIUZHEDESHIYANXUYAOJINXINGMANZU,ZHEIJIUYAOYAODUIJIASHIMONIQIZUOERCIKAIFA,SHIZHINENGKEYIHEBIEDECAIJIZHUANGZHIYUCHENGXUKAIFARUANJIANJINXINGLIANJISHIYONG,YIQUDEGENGJIADESHIYANXIAOGUO。

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